The Ultimate Guide to the Best Picnic Table Parts for Your Outdoor Gatherings

Kind Reader, if you’re thinking about having a picnic, then you’ll need a sturdy picnic table with all the right parts. From the tabletop to the benches, every part plays an important role in keeping your picnic experience safe and comfortable. So, let’s take a closer look at the various parts that make up a picnic table.

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Overview of Picnic Table Parts

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Whether you’re enjoying a barbecue with friends or dining al fresco with family, picnic tables offer the perfect way to enjoy outdoor living. A picnic table consists of several parts that are all crucial to its overall design and functionality. From the tabletop to the benches, hardware to accessories, each part plays a vital role in contributing to the table’s strength, versatility, and longevity.

Main Parts of a Picnic Table

Before we dive into the specifics, it’s essential to understand the primary parts that make up a picnic table:

No Parts
1 Tabletop
2 Benches
3 Legs
4 Hardware
5 Accessories


picnic-table-parts,Picnic Table Top,thqPicnicTableTop

The tabletop is the most visible and obvious part of any picnic table, and it is where items like plates, food, and drinks are placed. Picnic table tops are available in a variety of materials, including wood, plastic, and metal. The most common material used for the tabletop is wood, specifically Western Red Cedar and Pressure Treated Pine. These woods are weather-resistant and highly durable, making them perfect for outdoor use.


picnic-table-parts,Picnic Table Benches,thqPicnicTableBenches

Benches are the seating component of a picnic table and are available as either attached or detached. Attached benches are fixed to the table frame, while detached benches can be moved and repositioned based on your requirements. Regardless of the type of bench, choose a sturdy, robust material like wood that can withstand outdoor use and resist weathering.


picnic-table-parts,Picnic Table Legs,thqPicnicTableLegs

The legs are the support framework for a picnic table, and they come in different shapes, sizes, and materials. Steel, aluminum, and wood are the most common materials used for picnic table legs. Steel provides the most robust option but can be heavier and more challenging to move. Aluminum is lightweight and easy to move, but they may not be as durable as steel. Wood is the most popular efficient but does require maintenance, and it cannot be as robust as aluminum or steel.


picnic-table-parts,Picnic Table Hardware,thqPicnicTableHardware

Hardware components are essential to the overall stability and durability of a picnic table. Screws, bolts, and brackets are crucial to holding the tabletop, benches, and legs together. They also help secure all the picnic table components to alleviate stress from weight or environmental elements.


Fasteners are an integral part of assembling a picnic table. They hold the table and benches together and can withstand weight and teetering movements that would otherwise cause unsecured table panels to come apart.


Brackets are crucial supporting structures that elevate the overall stability of a picnic table. They support the connection between the tabletop and the legs, ensuring that the table doesn’t wobble or collapse when used.


Anchors are essential when it comes to fixing your picnic table to the ground. Anchors help keep the table in place and prevent it from becoming dislodged.


picnic-table-parts,Picnic Table Accessories,thqPicnicTableAccessories

Accessories like umbrella holes, cup holders, and waste receptacles can enhance the usability and convenience of a picnic table. Umbrella holes provide shade on sunny days, and cup holders provide a place to keep drinks. You can even attach waste receptacles or composting bins to help reduce your environmental impact.

Types of Tabletop Materials

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If you want to build a picnic table, one of the most critical things to consider is the kind of material you will use for the tabletop. There are dozens of choices available, each with its own distinct appearance, feel, and level of durability. Before picking a material, you should consider the table’s intended use and how much wear and tear it may bear.


Wood is the most typical choice for a picnic table due to its traditional style and durability. Cedar and redwood, for example, are naturally resistant to decay and insect damage, making them excellent options. Pressure-treated pine is another popular and less expensive choice, but it must be handled with caution because the chemicals used in pressure treatment can be hazardous.


If you’re seeking a long-lasting, modern look for your picnic table, metal may be the way to go. Steel, aluminum, and other metals are frequently utilized in contemporary furniture design. Metal requires very little maintenance, resists weather damage well, and is simple to clean. However, extreme weather, such as excessive heat or cold, can pose a problem for metal tables, which may be uncomfortable to sit on under direct sunlight.

No Important Information Description
1 Picnic Table Top Main surface used for eating and activities
2 Picnic Table Bench Attached seating for table; can be collapsible or fixed
3 Table Frame The structural support for the table and benches
4 Table Braces Additional support for the table legs and frame
5 Table Leg Support structure for the table frame; can be collapsible or fixed
6 Bench Support Structural support for the bench portion
7 Bench Bar Horizontal support between bench legs
8 Bench Leg Support structure for the bench portion; can be collapsible or fixed
9 Table Umbrella Insert Additional attachment for an umbrella to provide shade

Fasteners and Hardware

picnic-table-parts,Fasteners and Hardware,thqFasteners-and-Hardware

Picnic tables are not complete without fasteners and hardware. These are necessary materials that make it possible to connect different parts of the table itself. There are different kinds of it that are used for specific materials such as wood or metal. Some of the commonly used hardware for picnic tables include screws, bolts, washers, and nuts.

Types of Screws

Screws are one of the most common types of hardware that is used in assembly. Sheet metal screws are the most widely used screws for tables because they are versatile and can come in different lengths and diameters. Wood screws, on the other hand, have a larger diameter and have threads for better grip.

Bolts and Nuts

Bolts and nuts are common hardware used for most types of picnic tables. Carriage Bolts are preferred for wood tables because they have a low profile head and can be easily installed with a nut and washer. Hex bolts, on the other hand, have a hexagonal-shaped head and are preferred for stainless steel or metal tables.

No Type of Fasteners Usage
1 Sheet Metal Screws For general assembly of different parts of the picnic table.
2 Wood screws Specifically used to attach wooden components of the table together.
3 Carriage bolts, nuts and washer Low profile and can be easily installed on a wooden table’s surface.
4 Hex bolts and nuts Hexagonal-shaped head which is preferred for stainless steel base table.

Points to consider for Fasteners and Hardware

Avoid sub-par hardware as it will only lead to a poor-quality picnic table that may not last long in the outdoors. Consider the quality of the needed hardware; choose the right size and type that best suits your project, depending on the materials used.

Bearers and top rails

picnic-table-parts,Bearers and top rails,thqBearers-and-top-rails

Bearers and top rails are critical components in making sturdy picnic tables. The bearer is a horizontal beam that supports the table’s tabletop and can also be used as seats. The top rail is a horizontal beam that holds up the bearers but also provides additional stability to the table.

Materials Used for Bearers and Top Rails

The most common material used for bearers and top rails is wood. It is cheaper and more natural-looking than metal. However, bearers and top rails made from metals like aluminum, iron are preferred for heavy traffic areas and commercial applications because they will not rot, rust or decay.

Features to Consider for Bearers and Top Rails

When selecting the right bearers and top rails, it is important to consider their finishing and the quality of the wood. Finishing such as oiling, staining, or painting, can help extend its life for outdoor use, also ensure that the wood used is not brittle or splinters easily.

Picnic Table Base Parts

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One of the essential parts of a picnic table is its base. The base’s durability is vital for the table’s stability, safety, and comfort. Over time, parts of the base may need replacement for the picnic table to continue serving its purpose. Here are some of the common picnic table base parts that might require replacement:


The legs are the most critical part of the picnic table, as it supports the weight of the entire structure and those seated at the table. A sturdy picnic table should have four legs, and each leg has its own hardware, such as bolts and screws, which can be replaced if they get loose or worn out.


Braces connect the legs to each other, thus ensuring that the table remains stable. They come in different designs such as H-shape, X-shape, and diagonal. Braces are easy to replace, and the best replacement parts may vary depending on the picnic table’s design and material.

Support Beams

The support beams serve as the foundation of the tabletop, and without them, the table wouldn’t hold the weight of food or drinks placed on it. Commonly, picnic tables have two support beams that run the length of the table and are often made of wood or metal.

Note: Before replacing any picnic table base parts, consider checking your manufacturer’s warranty for potential replacements or guidelines to follow.

Picnic Table Top Parts

picnic-table-parts,Picnic Table Top,thqPicnicTableTop

The picnic table top is where people place their food or drinks, and it is essential that it’s in good condition to avoid possible accidents or damage. Picnic tables have different designs, sizes, and materials used for the table top. Here are some of the critical parts of the picnic table top that may require replacement:

Table Top Planks

The table top planks are the individual pieces of wood or metal that make up the picnic table top. In most designs, there are five to seven boards that run the length of the table. Over time, these planks may warp, split, or crack, causing them to be a tripping hazard.

Cross Braces

Cross braces connect the table top planks and provide additional support to the table top. They can be made of metal or wood and are easy to replace. However, it’s important to ensure that the materials used for replacement are compatible with the original design of the picnic table.

Bolts and Screws

The hardware that connects the picnic table’s top to the base is essential to keep the table sturdy and durable. Loose or rusted screws may cause accidents, so replacing them regularly is essential.

Note: When replacing any picnic table top parts, consider sanding or repainting the tabletop to avoid any mismatch of color or texture.

Types of Picnic Table Parts

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Before buying any picnic table parts, it’s important to understand the different types of parts available in the market. Some of the popular types include:

Picnic Table Tops

These are the most visible and prominent part of any picnic table. Picnic Table Tops come in different shapes like rectangular, circular, and hexagonal, among other shapes. They are typically made from materials like wood, metal, and plastic.

One of the most popular choices is wooden table tops but may need a coat of sealant to protect it from the elements. On the other hand, metal table tops are much more durable and require low maintenance as they tend to resist corrosion. Plastic picnic table tops are also becoming increasingly popular due to their lower cost and easy-to-clean surfaces.

Picnic Table Legs

Picnic Table Legs are the parts that support the tabletop, and are usually made of metal or wood. Wooden legs are the most popular choice since they can be treated with sealant and avoid warping or rotting. While metal legs are relatively easy to install and tend to require less maintenance.

The height of the legs determines the height of the picnic table. Standard-sized picnic tables have legs that are about 28-30 inches long. However, they come in adjustable and foldable options that make them much more versatile.

Picnic Table Benches

Picnic table benches are the seats that run parallel to the table. They are usually integrated as part of the table, and come in different styles like attached, free-standing, or partially free-standing.

One advantage of a detached picnic bench is that it can easily be moved around, allowing for more flexibility. You can also interchange them with other benches if need be. On the other hand, attached picnic benches are typically stronger and sturdier, making them ideal for outdoor use.

Hardware Kits

Sometimes, you might find that you need to replace only certain parts of your picnic table. In this case, hardware kits come in handy since they allow you to fix individual parts. These typically include screws, bolts, washers, and nuts – all essential parts of any picnic table.

Umbrella Hole

If you want to provide some shade in your outdoor space, adding an umbrella to your picnic table is a great idea. Most picnic tables come with an umbrella hole, which can be used to install an umbrella and protect you from the sun or rain.

You’ll want to check the size of the hole and ensure that it can accommodate the size of umbrella that you want before buying and installing an umbrella.

Plastic Caps

Plastic caps function to provide safety and comfort when using your picnic table. They cover the ends of screws, bolts, and other metals around the picnic table, protecting your skin and clothes from getting injured.

They may also secure the table legs to the floor to prevent it from sliding or tilting during use.


Another essential part of the picnic table is the brackets. They connect the tabletop to the legs or support beams, and give added support to these parts.

There are different types of brackets available that suit different types of picnic tables.

No Type of Brackets Description
1 L-shaped Brackets Connect the picnic table legs to the top of the table.
2 U-Shaped Brackets Hold the table legs together and connect them to the tabletop.
3 Center Post Brackets Connect a center post to the tabletop and the legs for added stability.

Replacing Picnic Table Parts

picnic-table-parts,Replacing Picnic Table Parts,thqReplacingPicnicTableParts

With proper care, picnic tables can last for years. However, certain parts may need to be replaced due to wear and tear. Here are some common parts that may need replacement and how to go about replacing them:

1. Benches and table tops

Overtime, benches and table tops may need to be replaced due to severe weather exposure, rotting, or other types of damage. Replacement depends on the current state of the wood and whether it can be salvaged with a new coat of paint or sealant. If it cannot be saved, then it will need to be replaced with new lumber. When replacing, be sure to match the size and style of the original piece to ensure proper fit and cohesiveness with the rest of the table structure

2. Bolts and screws

Bolts and screws may become rusty and/or stripped over time, leading to instability and safety hazards. It is best to replace any bolts or screws as soon as they show visible signs of wear or rust. Replacement bolts and screws should be the same size and material as the original part, to maintain the strength and durability of the table.

No LSI Keywords
1 benches and table tops
2 replacement
3 state of the wood
4 size and style
5 bolts and screws
6 rusty and/or stripped
7 visible signs of wear or rust
8 same size and material

Types of Fasteners

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Fasteners are an essential component of a picnic table. They are responsible for joining different parts of the table together. There are various types of fasteners available in the market, such as nails, screws, bolts, and carriage bolts. The type of fastener you choose will depend on various factors like the material of the table, the location where it will be placed, and the amount of weight it will carry.


Nails are the most common type of fastener used in picnic tables. They are relatively easy to install and hold the parts together securely. However, nails are usually not as durable as screws or bolts and can easily become loose or bent over time. They are best suited for light-duty tables that will not be subjected to heavy loads or weather conditions.


Screws are the most popular choice for fastening picnic tables. They are more durable than nails and provide superior holding power. They are also easy to remove and adjust when necessary. Screws are available in a variety of lengths and diameters to suit different types of tables. They are an excellent choice for heavy-duty tables or those that will be exposed to harsh weather conditions.

Table Brackets

picnic-table-parts,Table Brackets,thqTableBrackets

Table brackets are an essential component of any picnic table. They are used to join the table legs to the top securely. Brackets ensure that the table remains stable and prevents it from wobbling or tipping over. There are various types of table brackets available, such as corner brackets, surface-mounted brackets, and four-way brackets. The type of bracket you choose will depend on the type of table you are building and the location where it will be placed.

Corner Brackets

Corner brackets are used to join the legs and the top of the table at a right angle. They are ideal for picnic tables that are placed against a wall or in a corner. The brackets are usually installed on the inside of the legs, making them less visible. They provide excellent support and stability to the table.

Surface-Mounted Brackets

Surface-mounted brackets are installed on the surface of the table legs and top. They are ideal for tables that will be placed on a hard surface like concrete or asphalt. The brackets have predrilled holes for easy installation and come with screws for attaching them to the table.

Four-Way Brackets

Four-way brackets are used to join the legs and the top of the table at a right angle. They are designed to be installed on the outside of the legs, making them more visible. Four-way brackets provide excellent support and stability to the table and are suitable for heavy-duty tables that will be subjected to regular use.

Picnic Table Parts FAQ

Find answers to common questions about picnic table parts

1. What are the different parts of a picnic table?

The parts of a picnic table include the tabletop, seat boards, legs, braces, and hardware.

2. What materials are commonly used to make picnic table parts?

Common materials for picnic table parts include wood, metal, plastic, and composite materials.

3. How do I know what size picnic table to get?

The size of your picnic table will depend on how many people you plan to seat and the space you have available. The standard size is 6 feet long and 4 feet wide.

4. How do I assemble a picnic table?

Assembly instructions will vary based on the specific model of picnic table. Follow the instructions provided or consult with a professional if needed.

5. Can I replace individual picnic table parts if they are damaged?

Yes, it is possible to replace individual parts if they become damaged. Check with the manufacturer or consult with a professional for guidance on replacement parts.

6. How do I care for and maintain my picnic table parts?

Regularly clean your picnic table using a mild detergent and water. Apply a protective coating to the wood or metal to prevent rust or weather damage. Store the table indoors during periods of non-use to extend its lifespan.

7. Can I paint or stain my picnic table parts?

Yes, you can paint or stain your picnic table parts to match your personal style or outdoor décor. Follow the manufacturer instructions and allow the paint or stain to fully dry before use.

8. Can I use my picnic table indoors?

Yes, you can use your picnic table indoors as long as it fits within the space and is not causing damage to the flooring or surrounding area.

9. What type of hardware is needed to assemble a picnic table?

The hardware needed for assembly will vary depending on the specific model of picnic table. Refer to the instructions provided or consult with a professional for guidance on necessary hardware.

10. How much weight can a picnic table support?

The weight capacity of a picnic table will depend on the materials and construction. Check with the manufacturer for weight restrictions and guidelines.

11. Are there any safety concerns with picnic table parts?

Ensure that all picnic table parts are securely fastened during assembly and regular use. Keep the table away from children when not in use to avoid injury. Check the table regularly for any signs of wear or damage.

12. Can I customize the design of my picnic table?

Some manufacturers offer custom picnic table designs. Check with the manufacturer or consult with a professional for guidance on customization options.

13. How much does a picnic table typically cost?

The cost of a picnic table can vary widely depending on the materials used, size, and design. Basic models may start at around $100, while more high-end options can reach several thousand dollars.

14. What is the benefit of using a composite material for picnic table parts?

Composite materials offer increased durability and resistance to weather damage. They also require less maintenance than traditional wood or metal options.

15. How do I ensure that my picnic table is level?

Use a level tool to check that the tabletop and seats are evenly leveled. Adjust the legs or add shims as needed to achieve an even surface.

16. Can I move my picnic table once it is assembled?

Yes, it is possible to move a picnic table after assembly. However, be sure to disassemble any parts that may become damaged or distorted during movement.

17. Is it necessary to anchor my picnic table to the ground?

Securing your picnic table to the ground with anchors can increase stability and prevent tipping or sliding during use. However, this may not be necessary for all models depending on size and construction.

18. How do I choose the right picnic table for my needs?

Consider factors such as size, materials, durability, and cost when selecting a picnic table. Consult with a professional for guidance if needed.

19. How long does a picnic table typically last?

The lifespan of a picnic table can vary depending on quality, materials used, maintenance, and usage. A well-maintained picnic table can last for several years.

20. Can I recycle my old picnic table parts?

Depending on the materials, some picnic table parts may be recyclable. Check with your local recycling program for guidelines and restrictions.

21. What is the difference between a picnic table and a patio table?

Picnic tables are typically designed for outdoor use and feature benches attached to the table. Patio tables are often smaller and intended for shorter periods of use, such as dining or entertaining.

22. Do all picnic tables come with an umbrella hole?

No, not all picnic tables come with an umbrella hole. Check with the manufacturer or consult with a professional for customization options.

23. Can I install a new tabletop on my existing picnic table?

Yes, it is possible to install a new tabletop on an existing picnic table. Consult with a professional for guidance on materials and installation.

24. How do I clean and maintain metal picnic table parts?

Regularly clean metal picnic table parts using a mild detergent and water. Apply a protective coating to prevent rust or weather damage. Store the table indoors during periods of non-use to extend its lifespan.

25. Can I use my picnic table in inclement weather?

It is best to avoid using your picnic table in inclement weather, as exposure to moisture can cause damage to the materials and structure. Store your table indoors during periods of bad weather.

To make sure your picnic table is the best it can be, you’ll need to know the right parts to use for repairs and maintenance.

Until Our Next Picnic

Kind Reader, we hope our article about picnic table parts has been helpful and informative. Building or repairing a picnic table can be a fun and satisfying project, but it’s important to have all the necessary parts. Now that you know more about the components that make up your picnic table, you’re ready to tackle any project that comes your way. Don’t forget to check out our website for more handy tips and information. Thanks for reading, and until our next picnic!

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